Fisherman have dreams of having their own fishing hole stocked with prize fish. Fish stocking is the way to populate your own lake or pond to make it the fishing spot of your dreams. By hiring a professional fish management service, you hire the professionals who help create and maintain the healthy ecosystem necessary for fish populations. This involves proper aeration, control of algae, and the correct balance of predator-to-prey fish populations.
A professional lake management team can involve biologists, technicians, and, if necessary, the personnel to construct a lake or pond. Properly managing a lake is more than simply buying some fish and dropping them in the lake. It involves an awareness of the proper life balance for the fish and helping to create those optimal conditions for a healthy and active fish population.
Fish stocking is something that has been done for hundreds of years. It began being implemented in the United States in the 1870s. Nowadays, with modern transportation and the ease of bringing in any kind of species desired, thought must be applied to make sure the proper species are introduced into a lake. If not, if an invasive, non-native species is introduced, it may overtake a pond or lake to the detriment of other fish populations. A good example of this is in the Florida everglades where pythons are taking over the natural habitats and native species. Even though a python is a snake, not a fish, it is a familiar example of how introducing the wrong species, or a non-native species in the wrong place, can wreak havoc in an ecosystem.
If you are new to the concept of fish stocking and what a professional does, this is the process. Initially, there is a discussion as to what kinds of fish you desire in your private pond or lake. Then there is an analysis of the current fish populations. This is done usually through electrofishing, where the fish are temporarily stunned in order to get some counts and percentages. The shock only lasts a few seconds. Fish are measured and weighed, and then released. It is the statistics gathered from this data that helps determine how to further proceed in stocking the lake or pond.
Then, a decision is made of which forage fish, fish that are food for other fish, and predator fish, fish that feed on the forage fish, are required to make the correct percentages of predator/forage species for the particular pond or lake. Popular fish are bass, trout, sunfish, and catfish, as well as forage fish.
Each type of fish has its purpose. Some fish help control weeds, or snails. For example, grass carp eat grass, up to five times their weight in grass. Redear sunfish eat snails. Snails, if left to themselves to multiply, provide the host for grubs and flatworms. The sunfish are also food for bass. So there is an interconnectedness of life within the lake or pond, and amongst the various species. The lake management professional can manage these relationships in terms of your specific geographic location and intent for your lake.
Once a lake is properly stocked, a professional lake management company can help maintain the lake. There are questions of aeration and algae control that a professional company knows how to handle. Not enough oxygen or too much algae can be detrimental to fish populations and their breeding habits.
In short, from construction (if needed), to stocking, to managing a healthy ecosystem, a professional lake management team can provide the experience and supply the fish necessary to help create the fishing lake of your dreams.